The Murray Research Archive is a multi-disciplinary research data archive focusing on the study of lives over time. It is a national repository for social science data on human development and social change, especially data that illuminates women's lives and issues of concern to women.

The Henry A. Murray Research Archive was founded in 1976 at the Radcliffe College with the assistance of a grant from the Ford Foundation. The Archive was named in honor of Dr. Henry A. Murray in recognition of the principles embodied in his work in personality theory: that individual lives are best understood in their social and historical context, through multidisciplinary study using a wide array of research methods, and taking the entire life course into account. These data sets make it possible for researchers to use previously collected data to answer new questions. During its first thirty years, the center acquired the data from nearly three hundred social science studies of significance to women's lives. 

In 2005, the Archive joined the Institute for Quantitative Social Science at Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences in order to benefit from the Institute's research in digital libraries and preservation, and from its connections with the university library. Since then, the archive has used technology developed by the Institute to make its holdings available for search, download, and analysis on-line; offer easy on-line depositing to contributor; and integrate with networks of libraries and archives.